Macrotexture refers to large-scale surface texture features raging from 0.5 mm to 50 mm in depth. Macrotexture plays an important role in generating surface friction and providing skid resistance and also impacts water drainage and pavement noise.
Traditionally macrotexture has been measured using the manual sand patch method (ASTM E965: Standard Test Method for Measuring Pavement Macrotexture Depth Using a Volumetric Technique) or estimated using a few point lasers across a lane. However, these methods are limited both in terms of repeatability (due to manual measurement) and the ability to provide full lane coverage (due to use of point lasers).
Pavemetrics® Laser Crack Measurement System (LCMS®-2) provides a solution that delivers high repeatability and measures across the entire lane.
The LCMS macrotexture algorithm measures macrotexture using a method that effectively recreates the traditional sand patch method digitally (Digital Sand Patch Method) and computes the air void volume between the highest and lowest points on the road surface. However this method improves upon the traditional approach as it is not influenced by a human test operator and not impacted by environmental conditions making it more objective and repeatable.
Macrotexture can be reported according to user-customizable road zones (e.g., according to the AASHTO definition) and values can be output as Mean Profile Depth (MPD) or Root Mean Square (RMS).
E1845; Can collect macro texture and compute MPD
E965; Can collect macro texture and compute MTD
13473-1: 2019 Characterization of pavement texture by use of surface profiles
Development of an Asphalt Pavement Raveling Detection Algorithm Using Emerging 3D Laser Technology and Macrotexture Analysis
Authors: Yichang James Tsai and Zhaohua Wang (Georgia Institute of Technology)
High-Speed Network Level Road Texture Evaluation Using 1mm Resolution Transverse 3D Profiling Sensors Using a Digital Sand Patch Model
Authors: John Laurent (Pavemetrics), Jean-François Hébert (Pavemetrics), Daniel Lefebvre (INO), Yves Savard (MTQ)
Traffic-Speed MTD Measurements of Asphalt Surface Courses
Authors: Kars Drenth, Feng Hua Ju and Jun Yew Tan (Samwoh Corporation Pte Ltd)